Питомник "Красная Звезда" сегодня
"Red Star" kennels today
В 1924 году 23
приказом № 1089
в г. Москве
It is known that Central School of Military Cynologists founded in 1924 made a great contribution in canine science development in USSR. The Central School operated in the "Red Star" (Krasnaya Zvezda) kennels, which still exist today in Dmitrov, suburb of Moscow. After the World War II the number of working dogs decreased considerably, but at the same time the demand for them remained very high. A problem was that there were not enough dogs representing their race to make a pure-blood breeding. Thus a group of army cynologists under the leadership of general-major G.P. Medvedev started cultivation of a new working versatile breed, which could be used to guard economical and strategic objects in different climatic zones and would possess number of certain requirements: large size, yet great agility, strength, endurance, unpretentiousness, good scenting ability, well balanced nervous system. Here is how Medvedev justified his program: "As a matter of fact we hadn't any other versatile breed beside German Shepherd. Airedales, Collies, Boxers, Dobermans proved to be unsuitable as military dogs. At the Central School before the war professor biologist N.A. Ilin led an important work crossing laikas and German Shepherds; but even in first generation results were not satisfactory. The experience that Prof. Ilin obtained from his work, pointed to the necessity of massive breeds' crossing in different combinations." The Black Russian Terrier (Tchiorny Terrier) was created in the 1950s as an ultimate protection dog, who combines fearless and well developed defensive reaction with intelligence and obedience. In 1957 military kennels "Red Star" reached second and third generation when puppies went to families of individual breeders that marked a new step of breeding by standardizing and improving appearance of the breed without forgetting working qualities. The first standard was adopted in 1979, when number of registered BRTs reached 4332 dogs.