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FCI-Standard N° 327 / 19. 02. 1996 BLACK TERRIER (Tchiorny Terrier)

TRANSLATION : Translated from Russian to French on September 29, 1993 by Mr.R.Triquet, with the collaboration of Mme Annie Allain, assistant professor of Russian at the University of Lille III, France.  Translated from French to English on July 28, 1995 by Christopher Arts and Jane Pampalone.

ORIGIN : Russia. 


CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer –  Molossoid breeds - Swiss  Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds. Section 1.4 Tchiorny Terrier. Without working trial.   

GENERAL APPEARANCE : The size of the Black Terriers is larger than an average dog.  Black Terriers are strong, with massive one structure and well-developed muscles. The skin is tight and elastic, without any folds or dewlap. Dogs of this breed are assertive, wary of strangers and resistant; they adjust easily to different climates.  The Black Terrier must yield to training. 

PHYSICAL APPEARANCE : Robust and rustic.

Faults : Feeble or fragile appearance, insufficient muscle tone.

Major faults : Light bone structure, weak muscle tone, frail and weak constitution. 

INDEX OF THE FORMAT : The proportion of the length of the body vs. the height at the withers is 100 : 105.

Faults : Format slightly too large (106 : 108).

Major faults : Format too large (in excess of 108).

BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT : Extremely energetic, hardy, stable temperament, but very lively, with strong reactions of defense.

Faults : Timid, excessively excitable, passive.

Major faults : Fearful, extremely excitable, extremely passive. 

CHARACTERISTICS TYPICAL FOR EACH SEX : Clearly expressed, depending on the sex.  Male dogs are of greater size, more masculine and more massive than bitches.

Faults : Minor deviation from the required sexual characteristics.

Major faults : Strong deviation from the required characteristics.  Male with a feminine appearance or vice versa. 

HEAD : Long and moderately narrow skull with well-rounded cheekbones.  The forehead is flat.  The stop is marked but not too pronounced.  The muzzle is parallel with the topline of the skull.  The muzzle is massive, slightly tapering.  The length of the muzzle is slightly less than the length of the skull.  The moustache and the beard give the muzzle a truncated and square appearance.  The lips are thick and full.  The upper lip is adjusted to the line of the lower jaw without forming flews.

Faults  : Head too small, forehead rounded, stop hardly marked or excessively pronounced, protruding cheekbones, soft lips.

Major faults : Coarse head, too light or too heavy, rounded head; muzzle short, pointed or turned-up.

EARS:  Attached high on the head, hanging down straight from the base, small and triangular in shape.  The front rim of the ear hangs down against the cheekbones.

Faults : Ears set too low; long ears, flying ears, ears held apart from the cheekbones.

Major faults : Ears standing up from the base, semi-erect ears. 

EYES : Small, oval shaped, slanted, dark in color.

Faults : Big eyes or eye color not sufficiently dark.  Visible third eyelid.  Visible haw.  Presence of a milky spot on the eye.

Major faults : Light colored eye, cross-eyed.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Easy, harmonious and fluid.  A slow trot or the gallop are the most typical movements.  When trotting, the legs must move in a straight line, with the front legs converging towards a median line.  The back and the loin show an elastic movement.

Faults : Slight deviation from the requirement that the legs move in a straight line.  Insufficient extension of the front or hind legs.

Major faults : Restricted or clumsy movement, movement of the hind legs not straight (crab-like movement), unbalanced movement of the rump (rolling movement of the hindquarters), pacing movement. 

COAT : The hair is rough, hard, ample and extremely dense.  The broken’s hair length is between 1.6 and 3.9 inches (4 – 10 cm) and covers the entire body.  On the muzzle, the coat forms a rough, brushy moustache on the upper lip and a beard on the lower lip.  Above the eyes, the eyebrows are rough and bristled.  On the neck and the withers, the coat is longer and forms a mane.  The forelegs down until the elbows and the hind legs until the thighs are covered by a rough and long coat.  The undercoat is dense and well-developed

Faults : Straight hair, not broken.  Wavy hair, soft hair, hair longer than 3.9 inches (10 cm).  Insufficient formation of moustache, beard or eyebrows.  Frizzy hair.

Major faults : Hair too long (in excess of 5.9 inches (15 cm)), soft hair, falling hair, short hair, smooth hair; absence of coat developments on head or legs. 

COLOR : Black or black with grey hairs.

Faults : Brown or grey shadings, small white spot on chest.

Major faults : Brown or grey coat, reddish patches; white spots on chin, head, neck and legs.

HEIGHT AT THE WITHERS : Male dogs :  25.7 – 28.1 inches (66 - 72 cm).  Bitches :  25.0 – 27.3 inches (64 - 70 cm).

Faults : Slightly leggy or short on the legs.  Height at withers of male dogs below 25.7 inches (66 cm) or above 28.1 inches (72 cm); height at the withers of bitches below 25.0 inches (64 cm) or above 27.3 inches (70 cm).

Major faults : Rump set too high or withers too low.  Height at withers of male dogs below 25.4 inches (65 cm) or above 28.9 inches (74 cm); height at withers of bitches below 24.6 inches (63 cm) or above 28.1 inches (72 cm). 

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree. 



Aggressive or overly shy.

bulletAny deviation from the scissors-bite requirement.
bulletParty-coloured coat. White markings on feet. Red patches. Grey coat.
bulletAbsence of an incisor or a canine.  Absence of any third premolar or any fourth premolar.  Absence of any molar.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified. 

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.



Russian Black Terrier is a dog with height above average, strong, enduring, brave, self conscious, of a square or slightly elongate format, which easily adopts to various climatic conditions and may be trained without much difficulty. Long experience of using Black Terrier for patrol duty has confirmed its superior working capacities and reliability. A well balanced character and a good training potential allow its use for guarding and other purposes.

Russian Black Terrier has a massive skeleton, a proportioned rough and rough strong set, powerful muscles. Type of the nerve activity: swift and balanced, active defensive reaction. The gender type is to be well pronounced. The height is 68 to 74 cm for a male dog and 66 to 72 cm for a bitch. The minimum height is 66 cm for a male dog and 64 cm for a bitch. The upper height limit may be exceeded by up to 3 cm. A deviation of over 3 cm of the desired limit causes a significant depreciation of the pedigree value of a dog.

The body of the Black Terrier is covered with dense rough hair. The decoration pile (head and limbs) is well developed. A trimming of a proper shape is obligatory.

Russian Black Terrier was developed at Krasnaya Zvezda breeding farm through cross breeding of such tested and well matching breeds as Reizencshnautzer, Airedale Terrier, Rottweiler and Newfoundland.


Pro rata to the general built, long (equals to slightly over 40% of the dog's withers height), moderately wide at the brainpan, with rounded but not acute cheekbones, clear brow arches. The forehead is flat and turning into the neb markedly, but not abruptly, the forehead and neb lines are in parallel. The neb is massive and slightly narrowing toward the lobe of the nose and is a bit shorter than one half of the head's length. The "moustache" and the "beard" make the head blunt and square cut. The lips are thick, fleshy, black, tight, form no overlaps. The lobe of the nose is large and black. The gum pigmentation is black.


Placed atop, cartilage based, small, triangular, with front edges adjoining the jaws. The a droop portion of the ears is solid and has no dishes or corrugations.


Small, oval, straight and widely placed, dark. The eyelids are dry, dark and tight.


Large, white, closely placed, full set is 42. The cutting teeth are lined up at the bottom. The occlusion is scissor like.


Massive, medium length (about the head's length), dry, with strong muscles. The angle between the neck and the line of the back is 40 to 45 degrees.


Chest is deep, long, wide, oval with slightly bossed ribs. The front portion of the chest is exerted over the shoulder and scapular joints. The bottom line of the chest compares with elbows line or is a bit below. The chest depth is 46 to 47% of the withers height of the dog. The withers is high, long, well developed and clear cut. The withers height is 1 or 2 cm over the rump height. The back is strong, straight, wide and muscular. Its length is about ? of the distance between the top withers point and the tail base. The loin is short (about ? of the back length), broad, muscular, slightly convex. The croup is broad, muscular, slightly declining toward the highly placed tail.


Highly placed, thick, short cut (3 to 5 dorsal).


Front view: straight and parallel. Blade-bones: long, placed at a 45 degrees angle. The angle of the shoulder and blade-bode joint is about 100 degrees. The shoulders have strong muscles. The ant brachium is straight, thick, of medium length, placed upright and in parallel, the elbows are directed backward. The metacarpus is short, massive and nearly upright. The length of a forefoot (up to the elbow) is 53 to 54% of the dog's height at withers.

Hind feet

Back view: straight and parallel, placed slightly wider than the forefeet. The haunches are broad and have well developed muscles. Femurs are long, placed at about 100 degrees. Crura are long, placed at an angle, metatarsus is upright and of a moderate length. The angles of stifle and hock joints are clear.


Large, nebbish, orbed. The claws are dark. Excessive toes are to be amputated.


The coat is rough and dense. 4-10 cm angled hairs cover dog's body all over. Decorative hair is well-developed forming "whiskers", "beard" and "eyebrows". The forefeet and hind feet are well protected by long and rough hair. The undercoat is thick, soft and well-developed. The trimming of an established shape is required.


Black or black with slight gray hair.


The characteristic step is an uneven trot or gallop. In a trot, the limbs are to move rectilinearly with some approximation of the forefeet to the central line, the back and the loin are elastic and spongy. The joints of the front and hind limbs straighten easily. When in movement, the dog covers a significant distance due to a powerful ajog (hind limbs) and a considerable leap (forefeet).


Deviations towards lightness and dampness, high legs or stumpiness, protensive format. Drowsiness or hyperexcitability. Short, rough, light, cumbersome or disproportionate head. Prosilient forehead, extended cheekbones. Short, upturned, adroop, narrow, too acuate snout, crude lips, small lobe of the nose. Crumpled, erectopatent, head extending ears. Round, light, bias or closely placed eyes. Small , distant, ruined teeth. Short or high neck. Flat, barrel type, small, "open", narrow chest. Soft, narrow, raised back. Long, sagging, humpy, narrow loin. Horizontal, sloping, narrow croup. Hawked tail. Straight or acute shoulders. Narrowly placed limbs. Short haunch and crus, raw joints. Flat, loose paws, light claws, excessive toes. Thick grizzle over one third. Straight and close bodied hair even if it matches the decorative hair of the head and the limbs. Uneasy, heavy movements, elevated back when in movement, croup sway, sideward movement, ambling.

Disqualifying flaws

Disproportioned set. Deviations from the set type. Cowardice, iracundity, unmanageable aggressiveness. Complete or irreciprocal criptorchism, underdeveloped android glands. Non-black lobe of the nose. Any deviations from a scissor bite, incomplete teeth set, cutting teeth not forming a line at the base. Uncut tail. Soft, short silky or highly curled hair. No decoration hair at the head or limbs. White spots or blazes. Clearly defined grizzle areas. Non-standard color.

Sound-rough, desirable type, correct structure of shoulder

Rough type, excessively sharp shoulder

Sound-dry type, straight shoulder

Correct head

Short, coarse, excessively short head

Narrow, weak head

Excessively pronounced, forehead short muzzle

Ear of correct size and setting

Too small, light high set ear

Low set, wrinkled ear too large ear

1 Correct bite, 2 Level bite

3 Overshot, 4 Undershot

1  Correct front, straight, parallel forelegs, deep chest, well prominent ribs, 2 Excessively wide front, barrel-shaped chest 

1  Narrow front, yet deep chest, 2 Narrow chest, turned out legs

Turned out elbows

Correct pastern, strong, straight compact  foot

Weak, splay pastern, flattened foot

Ideal hindquarters, with correctly set tail

Hooked, excessively high set tail, straight croup

Short upper thigh, long second thigh

Short upper thigh, short second thigh, straight - stifled

Hocks turn in feet set - under hock

Correct movements

Movements elbows turned out

Movements legs turned out

Grooming of the head and neck

Grooming of the body

Very short coat

Coat 1.5 - 2 cm. (Nice smooth transition between long and short coat)

Coat from 3 to 5 cm.



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